SPRINGFIELD -- Gov. J.B. Pritzker joined a diverse coalition of lawmakers and advocates on Thursday as he signed an executive order aimed at ensuring an accurate count in the 2020 U.S. Census.
"The stakes could not be higher, and to be frank, we are behind," Pritzker said, noting that Illinois could lose up to two congressional seats if residents are undercounted.
Lt. Gov. Juliana Stratton said the stakes include billions of dollars in federal funding, as Illinois could lose $120 million annually for each 1 percent of the population that is undercounted -- about $1.2 billion over the 10-year period between each census.
Stratton said nearly 42 percent of the state's African-American population, 33 percent of the Latino population and 20 percent of children under the age of 5 live in communities classified as hard to count. Undercounts in minority communities could be "disastrous" not only for those communities but to the entire state, she said.
"The census is about equity and representation and how much money for critical services is distributed to communities in need," she said.
Executive Order 19-10 creates a census office as part of the Illinois Department of Human Services to coordinate the state's census turnout efforts, and allows the governor to appoint two "census co-coordinators" to direct the census office. It also creates a census advisory panel made up of 12 members appointed by the governor and legislative leaders of each party.
Pritzker said the order, combined with a $29 million state appropriation for census outreach efforts which was included in the 2020 operating budget, would help Illinois come closer to a "complete count."
Pritzker said one of the keys to ensuring a correct count is building trust in minority communities. He said advocates and coalition members will go door to door to make sure people feel safe when they are filling out the questionnaire.
"If we're going to reach our hard-to-reach communities, we need representatives from those communities at the table," Pritzker said.
Funds from the census appropriation will go toward outreach and education, with grant funding to community organizations that are engaged in census advocacy, particularly in hard-to-count communities. The DHS will file public reports online on a monthly basis to detail its budget, expenditures and distributions of funds to organizations throughout Illinois.
"We need to get these funds out the door as soon as possible," Pritzker said.
Anita Banerji, leader of the Democracy Initiative of the nonprofit organization Forefront, which has focused on census outreach, said the appropriation and executive order will greatly aid the ongoing process of ensuring a correct count.
"Illinois is well positioned to conduct the most fair and accurate census count in our history," she said. "And today, Illinois is now leading the nation's census efforts."